By Gyorgy Litvan
A desirable examine a guy, who fought for liberal beliefs and for development in vital Europe yet was once compelled to spend the latter 1/2 his existence in the USA. Oscar Jaszi was once a historian, political theorist and sociologist, who devoted his super mind to fashionable democracy in Hungary. Exiled from his place of birth, Jaszi's ethical braveness stood robust opposed to the political tyranny and totalitarianism of the interwar interval that just about destroyed Hungary's political and social foundations. From his early years in Budapest to his later lifestyles as professor at Oberlin collage in Ohio, he labored tirelessly for what he defined as "a new ethical, social, and monetary synthesis is needed." The lifetime of Oscar Jaszi represents one of many nice triumphs of cause over violence, whatever the defeat of his imaginative and prescient for a 'Danubian Federation,' and his next exile. His vow not to be buried in an undemocratic Hungary was once saved, and as his state emerged from the ruins of the Soviet block, his continues to be have been transferred to Budapest in 1991, an emblem of his lasting philosophy and the spirit of his will.
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Extra resources for A Twentieth-Century Prophet: Oscar Jaszi 1875-1957
At the beginning of the year his book, Art and Morality, had appeared in the Social Sciences Library series. The inner title-page identified this as “The Winning Essay for the Gorove Prize of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences,” an entry for a competition on the interrelationship of art and morality. In the foreword to this Jászi admits to having completed the work almost three years previously, but by the time the outcome of the competition had been settled he was engaged in another manuscript (the one about historical materialism), which had led him to alter his take on several major issues of the earlier subject.
Jászi was not among those who spoke, the reason for this being found in a letter that he wrote to Somló on 26th April, 1904: On the advice of several people, I shall be forgoing participation in the debate, for there is a risk that an overt espousal of soc[ialism] might knock my two most important concerns on the head: the trip to France and the lectureship. At the moment neither is in bad shape—particularly the trip to France. The Huszadik Század 29 leave is already arranged, and the prospect is being held out that my salary will be paid.
By the October 1900 issue he was already lining up the leaders of his own alma mater, the University of Budapest, in a comparison of the respective orations made by its rector and the rector at the University of Kolozsvár to mark the formal opening of the new academic year. The rector at Budapest, “undoubtedly in line with the underlying character of our intellectual life, instead of the unruffled reasoning of the scholar has blown the horn of the political agitator” by calling the empiricist, positivist trend in scientific thinking perilous, indeed a prevailing canker.
A Twentieth-Century Prophet: Oscar Jaszi 1875-1957 by Gyorgy Litvan