By Edited by Andrew D. Blann Edited by Gregory Y. H. Lip
Urban health center, Birmingham, united kingdom. Discusses the explanations and outcomes of blood clots, how antithrombotic remedy works and its makes use of for sufferers. Addresses bleeding hazards, venous thromboembolism, atrial traumatic inflammation, peripheral vascular illness, middle failure, and anticoagulation. considerable halftone and colour illustrations. Softcover.
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Additional info for ABC of Antithrombotic
Stroke 2002;33:856-61 x Antithrombotic Trialists’ Collaboration. Collaborative meta-analysis of randomised trials of antiplatelet therapy for prevention of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke in high-risk patients. BMJ 2002;324:71-86 x Albers GW, Amarenco P, Easton JD, Sacco RL, Teal P. Antithrombotic and thrombolytic therapy for ischemic stroke. Chest 2001;119:300–20S x Atkinson RP, DeLemos C. Acute ischemic stroke management. Thromb Res 2000;98:V97-111 x CAPRIE Steering Committee. A randomised, blinded trial of clopidogrel versus aspirin in patients at risk of ischaemic events (CAPRIE).
The duration of antithrombotic therapy also varies according to a number of factors. Lifelong anticoagulant treatment is indicated for patients with mechanical valves and those with bioprosthetic valves or native valve disease with additional risk factors. 5 for three months. 5 for three months. 5 is used ‡Low dose aspirin is used by most centres in the United Kingdom Modification of anticoagulant treatment may be required in patients who have prosthetic valves and are undergoing non-cardiac surgical procedures, who are are pregnant, or who have resistance to oral anticoagulants.
Aspirin has no apparent effect on graft survival in humans. One trial showed that low molecular weight heparin had a profound beneficial effect on graft patency, when compared with aspirin and dipyridamole over three months, suggesting that early treatment with low molecular weight heparin suppresses neointimal hyperplasia. In the United Kingdom most low molecular weight heparins have licences only for 14 days’ Peripheral angiogram showing chronic occlusions with multiple collateral vessels Risk of thrombosis with different vein grafts Site of proximal anastomosis Aorta Axilla Femoral Site of distal anastomosis Iliac or femoral Femoral Popliteal (above knee joint) Distal (below knee) Graft material Prosthetic Prosthetic Vein Prosthetic Vein Other factors Good flow ( > 100 ml/min) and good distal arteries Poor flow ( < 50 ml/min) or poor distal arteries Prosthetic Thrombotic risk Low Medium Low Low Medium High High Recommended antithrombotic therapy Antiplatelet* Antiplatelet Antiplatelet* Antiplatelet* Antiplatelet Antiplatelet Consider warfarin Antiplatelet Consider warfarin *Antiplatelet therapy not indicated for graft survival but recommended as prophylaxis against cardiovascular events 25 ABC of Antithrombotic Therapy treatment, and, until more data are available, the prolonged use of low molecular weight heparin cannot be recommended.
ABC of Antithrombotic by Edited by Andrew D. Blann Edited by Gregory Y. H. Lip