New PDF release: Achieving Knowledge: A Virtue-Theoretic Account of Epistemic

By John Greco

ISBN-10: 0521144310

ISBN-13: 9780521144315

ISBN-10: 0521193915

ISBN-13: 9780521193917

Once we verify (or deny) that somebody is familiar with anything, we're creating a price judgment of varieties - we're claiming that there's anything greater (or inferior) approximately that person's opinion, or their facts, or maybe approximately them. A important job of the idea of information is to enquire this sort of review at factor. this is often the 1st publication to make 'epistemic normativity,' or the normative size of information and data ascriptions, its important concentration. John Greco argues that wisdom is a type of success, in place of mere fortunate good fortune. This locates wisdom inside of a broader, commonly used normative area. by way of reflecting on our considering and practices during this area, it's argued, we achieve perception into what wisdom is and how much worth it has for us.

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Extra resources for Achieving Knowledge: A Virtue-Theoretic Account of Epistemic Normativity

Example text

Thus in ethics, as in epistemology, we may recognize a variety of desi­ derata or merits. Discussing a different example, Kant writes: To help others where one can is a duty, and besides this there are many spirits of so sympathetic a temper that, without any further motive of vanity or selfinterest, they find an inner pleasure in spreading happiness around them and can take delight in the contentment of others as their own work. 7 of reasons. First, rule theorists in both ethics and epistemology tend to speak in terms of obligation and duty, and so rule-based theories and duty-based theories in both fields tend to overlap.

186a–b. , p. 187b. 23 Against deontology 33 perception takes place by means of two separate dispositions. The first is a disposition to go from physical “impressions” on the sense organs to mental “sensations” caused by those impressions. The second is to go from these sensations to beliefs about physical objects. What Reid is suggesting is that God could have eliminated the “middleman” in the process. There is no reason why physical impressions on our sense organs could not have led immediately to beliefs about the objects that cause those impressions.

As defined there, such properties were understood to include (a) various features of our cognitive states that are at least sometimes at the level of conscious awareness, and (b) any properties that are represented by our cognitive states. But physical impressions, such as those that light makes on the retina or sound makes on the eardrum, fall into neither of these categories in the typical case. So even on our weakest notion of “being governed by a rule,” and employing our broadest notion of a “potentially conscious property,” the perception that Reid imagines would not be governed by cognitive rules.

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Achieving Knowledge: A Virtue-Theoretic Account of Epistemic Normativity by John Greco


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