By means of interpreting and evaluating agricultural rules in India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam, this research is helping fill an important hole in improvement study. The document presents an review of conceptual and dimension concerns with regards to the results of exchange and domestic-support guidelines and coverage reforms at the incentives of agricultural manufacturers and offers empirical estimates of the measure of safety or disprotection within the 4 international locations. From India's countercyclical coverage results and Indonesia's excessive degrees of agricultural safety, to the craze towards modest help of agriculture in China and Vietnam, the report's effects show either how adjustments in agricultural coverage can increase farmers' incentives as monetary progress happens and the way tricky it's to reform entrenched coverage interventions. via such findings, the record contributes to coverage discussions on growing propoor rules with regards to agricultural help and exchange, either on the household point and in foreign negotiations.
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Additional info for Agricultural Producer Support Estimates for Developing Countries: Measurement Issues and Evidence from India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam
Notes: Ranked according to value of trade at international commodity prices. —, not ranked. a nes, not elsewhere specified. 14 Imports of major agricultural commodities by Vietnam, 2003 Rank in Vietnam imports 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rank in world imports Product a Quantity (metric tons) Value (thousands of $) Unit value ($) 15 19 — — 6 — 19 — — 18 Soya bean cake Cigarettes Wheat Food, prepared nes Tobacco products nes Beverages, distilled, alcoholic Dry whole cow milk Palm oil Cotton lint Dry skim cow milk 990,000 6,706 794,257 18,995 13,889 3,298 39,296 148,500 43,745 29,776 240,000 123,982 112,700 81,149 77,776 71,047 59,664 57,500 55,403 53,299 242 18,488 142 4,272 5,600 21,542 1,518 387 1,266 1,790 Source: FAO (2006).
2 Production of major agricultural commodities in India, 2003 Rank in India production 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rank in world production Product Production (metric tons) 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 9 3 Rice, paddy Buffalo milk Wheat Cow milk, whole, fresh Vegetables, fresh nesa Sugarcane Groundnuts in shell Chickpeas Indigenous cattle meat Cotton lint 132,013,000 47,850,000 65,129,300 36,500,000 37,000,000 289,630,016 7,500,000 4,130,000 1,489,929 2,100,000 Source: FAO (2006). Note: Ranked according to value of production at international commodity prices.
China is a major player in world agricultural markets. 9. Prices and marketing of grain and oilseed products continued to be highly regulated through the 1990s, whereas markets for horticultural, livestock, and fish products were mostly liberalized. This trend has accentuated growth in output of the latter group relative to grain and oilseed. 9 Composition and growth of China’s agricultural production, 1970–2000 (percent) Value share of agricultural output Crops Livestock Fish Forestry Output volume growth Grain Oilseed crops Fruits and vegetables Red meat Fish Source: Anderson (2003).
Agricultural Producer Support Estimates for Developing Countries: Measurement Issues and Evidence from India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam by IFPRI