By I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)
Agricultural study was once most likely the 1st and is the main common kind of organised learn on the planet, and one during which either the main constructed and underdeveloped nations are engaged. when such a lot kinds of study task, equivalent to within the box of medication, have international vast software, agricultural learn, through its very nature, should be nearby; virtually no study discovering might be followed with out learning the result of its program below the endless variety of ecological events with which the farmers of the realm are confronted. the development of agricultural creation is the fundamental first step wherein constructing nations can desire to elevate their way of life. examine is for this reason an task during which no underdeveloped nation can manage to pay for to not have interaction; nor can international locations within which agriculture has reached a excessive point of improvement and class come up with the money for to overlook agricultural study. it isn't as a result of inertia or vested pursuits that hugely industrialised international locations retain, more often than not at public cost, a expensive and complicated infrastructure for agricultural study. even if difficulties of overproduction weigh seriously at the economic system, agricultural learn is taken into account the basic key to additional growth: the pursuits and ambitions are easily replaced and tailored to the desires of the economy.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer
It is true that the existing research system in the United Kingdom has produced some of the best agricultural research in the world. The question raised above refers only to the cost-effectiveness of a dual system, with its inevitable overlapping and duplication of functions. This aspect is particularly relevant at a time when significant reductions in research funding are being made in many countries. This subject will be treated in more detail in Chapter 3. The Netherlands HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The first university in the Netherlands was established in 1575, and ever since, the Dutch government has been committed to science (De Zeeuw, 1985).
The decision in statu nescendi, as you might call it, then spreads around, gains support, and in the end is formalised by those that are formally responsible. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Far more emphasis is now being given to environmental problems and the quality of agricultural produce. The trend is towards a technology based on a relatively low input of agro-chemicals to avoid further rises in overproduction in the EC, but high enough to guarantee a reasonable income for the farmer. , 1988, pers. ).
30 Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Small wonder that much thought and effort have been devoted in the Netherlands to the development of an effective method for the co-ordination and direction of the national research effort. Various solutions were tried and subsequently abandoned. De Zeeuw (1985) comes to the conclusion that basically, policy decisions in agricultural research originate in informal linkages at the personal and small-group level. The decision in statu nescendi, as you might call it, then spreads around, gains support, and in the end is formalised by those that are formally responsible.
Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer by I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)