By Ian Passingham
Confident that either God and the Kaiser have been on their facet, the officials and males of the Imperial German military went to conflict in 1914, supremely convinced that they have been destined for a quick and crushing victory within the West. The much-vaunted Schlieffen Plan on which the expected German victory was once dependent supplied for an both decisive victory at the jap entrance. however it used to be to not be. From the wintry weather of 1914 until eventually the early months of 1918, the warfare at the Western entrance used to be characterised by means of trench conflict.
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Extra info for All the Kaiser's Men: The Life and Death of the German Army on the Western Front 1914-1918
Strictly speaking it was of no real importance to the Ottoman Empire, whose energy needs were met from coalfields near the coast not far from Constantinople,6 and by oil from Baku, shipped across the Black Sea. 9 The first manifestation of heightened British interest was the appearance of the Royal Navy’s gunboat HMS Espiègle, summoned from Colombo in Ceylon (Sri Lanka), which joined her sister-ship HMS Odin on station at the head of the Persian Gulf on 29 September. That caused considerable consternation in Basra, and it increased when she entered the Shatt-al-Arab and made her way up the channel to drop anchor in the Karun River separating Abadan from the independent sheikhdom of Muhammera, the ruler of which was friendly to the British.
Others came to be heard more publicly; amongst them were those who saw the Lower Danube and the Black Sea littoral as desirable target-territories, and others who looked even further afield, to the old ‘fertile crescent’ encompassing Syria and Mesopotamia, now fallen on hard times through centuries of mismanagement but capable, perhaps, of being returned to its former glory by the capacity for hard work and ingenuity which Germans possessed in considerable quantity. That resulted in a new set of policies and attitudes: the Drang nach Osten, the ‘drive to the east’ in search of territory into which to expand, a radical updating of the mediaeval Ostsiedlung, was stretched to include not just Eastern Europe but also the Near and Middle East,18 where Bismarck had been reluctant to tread for fear of upsetting British, French and Russian sensibilities.
Enver had been unmoved by that, and now he was content to bide his time, hoping to improve his position still further. The brilliant German victory at Tannenburg, at the end of August, came close to provoking him into action, but within days that was offset by the failure of the German army in France to take—or even threaten—Paris following its defeat at the Marne. Then the pendulum swung again, Hindenberg driving the Russians clean out of East Prussia and promising, perhaps, to drive them out of the war altogether ...
All the Kaiser's Men: The Life and Death of the German Army on the Western Front 1914-1918 by Ian Passingham