Get An Introduction to Comparative Philosophy: A Travel Guide to PDF

By Walter Benesch

ISBN-10: 0230597386

ISBN-13: 9780230597389

ISBN-10: 1349253456

ISBN-13: 9781349253456

This unique and obtainable textual content is greater than an advent to comparative philosophy within the East and West. it's also a consultant to 'philosophizing' as a considering strategy. as well as outlining the presuppositions of alternative traditions, it discusses their equipment and strategies for reasoning in what the writer calls 4 dimensions of 'philosophical space': item, topic, the situational and the aspective/perspective size.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Comparative Philosophy: A Travel Guide to Philosophical Space

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12 In many Eastern thought systems, there is a preference for the undefined and undefinable. One knows what something is if one knows what it is not. The lists, if there are any, are often negative lists- not this, not that, not these, not those. The nameable Tao is not the Tao and the origin of nature is nameless. iikya Upani$ad has four aspects and the fourth is beyond both naming and knowledge. 13 The B{'hadilrtu)yaka Upani$ad speaks of the Self as 'not this, not that', ('neti neti'). 14 Thinking as undefinable awareness I would propose there is a trilogy ofterms central to thinking in all traditions, and would suggest that for the rest of the guide we consider these as terms to be accepted without definition.

10 Empedocles, the Pre-Socratic Greek father of chemistry, suggested that both birth and death were but rearrangements of elements. 11 Later in the history of the object dimension this real versus apparent will be expressed in theories of primary versus secondary qualities as was the case for John Locke. The German physicist, Hermann von Helmholtz in his observations on light and coior ยท distinguished between appearance and phenomenon. A phenomenon is that which is really there and not 'mere appearance' which is dependent upon the human nervous system and thus relative to sensation.

Human beings are both in nature and ofnature and so when we speak, what we say is always a unity of the nameable and the unnameable. Thus knowledge is a synthesis of the knowing of an aspect of this totality, with a perspective upon both this aspect and the whole. Understanding, then, is a combination of aspect and perspective, while failure to understand or to know would entail trying to separate aspect from perspective. Experience should always be accompanied by perspective upon its nature as aspect.

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An Introduction to Comparative Philosophy: A Travel Guide to Philosophical Space by Walter Benesch

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