Download PDF by Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew: Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing

By Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew Clarke

ISBN-10: 1405198400

ISBN-13: 9781405198400

ISBN-10: 1444347241

ISBN-13: 9781444347241

Considering that its discovery Antarctica has held a deep fascination for biologists. severe environmental stipulations, seasonality and isolation have result in one of the most notable examples of average choice and version in the world. sarcastically, a few of these variations could pose constraints at the skill of the Antarctic biota to answer weather switch. elements of Antarctica are displaying many of the biggest alterations in temperature and different environmental stipulations on the planet. during this quantity, released in organization with the Royal Society, leading polar scientists current a synthesis of the newest examine at the organic structures in Antarctica, masking organisms from microbes to vertebrate greater predators. This ebook comes at a time whilst new applied sciences and ways enable the consequences of weather switch and different direct human affects on Antarctica to be considered at quite a number scales; throughout complete areas, entire ecosystems and all the way down to the extent of species and edition inside of their genomes. Chapters handle either Antarctic terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and the clinical and administration demanding situations of the long run are explored.

 

Content:
Chapter 1 Spatial and Temporal Variability in Terrestrial Antarctic Biodiversity (pages 11–43): Steven L. Chown and Peter Convey
Chapter 2 worldwide swap in a Low range Terrestrial environment: The McMurdo Dry Valleys (pages 44–62): Diana H. Wall
Chapter three Antarctic Lakes as versions for the examine of Microbial Biodiversity, Biogeography and Evolution (pages 63–89): David A. Pearce and Johanna Laybourn?Parry
Chapter four The effect of local weather switch at the Marine environment of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (pages 91–120): Andrew Clarke, David okay. A. Barnes, Thomas J. Bracegirdle, Hugh W. Ducklow, John C. King, Michael P. Meredith, Eugene J. Murphy and Lloyd S. Peck
Chapter five The Marine approach of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (pages 121–159): Hugh Ducklow, Andrew Clarke, Rebecca Dickhut, Scott C. Doney, Heidi Geisz, Kuan Huang, Douglas G. Martinson, Michael P. Meredith, Holly V. Moeller, Martin Montes?Hugo, Oscar Schofield, Sharon E. Stammerjohn, Debbie Steinberg and William Fraser
Chapter 6 Spatial and Temporal Operation of the Scotia Sea environment (pages 160–212): E. J. Murphy, J. L. Watkins, P. N. Trathan, ok. Reid, M. P. Meredith, S. L. Hill, S. E. Thorpe, N. M. Johnston, A. Clarke, G. A. Tarling, M. A. Collins, J. Forcada, A. Atkinson, P. Ward, I. J. Staniland, D. W. Pond, R. A. Cavanagh, R. S. Shreeve, R. E. Korb, M. J. Whitehouse, P. G. Rodhouse, P. Enderlein, A. G. Hirst, A. R. Martin, D. R. Briggs, N. J. Cunningham and A. H. Fleming
Chapter 7 The Ross Sea Continental Shelf: neighborhood Biogeochemical Cycles, Trophic Interactions, and power destiny adjustments (pages 213–242): Walker O. Smith, David G. Ainley, Riccardo Cattaneo?Vietti and Eileen E. Hofmann
Chapter eight Pelagic Ecosystems within the Waters off East Antarctica (30° E–150° E) (pages 243–254): Stephen Nicol and Ben Raymond
Chapter nine The Dynamic Mosaic (pages 255–290): David okay. A. Barnes and Kathleen E. Conlan
Chapter 10 Southern Ocean Deep Benthic Biodiversity (pages 291–334): A. Brandt, C. De Broyer, B. Ebbe, ok. E. Ellingsen, A. J. Gooday, D. Janussen, S. Kaiser, ok. Linse, M. Schueller, M. R. A. Thomson, P. A. Tyler and A. Vanreusel
Chapter eleven Environmental Forcing and Southern Ocean Marine Predator Populations (pages 335–353): Phil N. Trathan, Jaume Forcada and Eugene J. Murphy
Chapter 12 Molecular Ecophysiology of Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes (pages 355–378): C.?H. Christina Cheng and H. William Detrich
Chapter thirteen Mechanisms Defining Thermal Limits and variation in Marine Ectotherms: An Integrative View (pages 379–416): Hans O. Portner, Lloyd S. Peck and George N. Somero
Chapter 14 Evolution and Biodiversity of Antarctic Organisms (pages 417–467): Alex D. Rogers
Chapter 15 Biogeography and neighborhood Classifications of Antarctica (pages 469–491): P. show, D. okay. A. Barnes, H. J. Griffiths, S. M. provide, ok. Linse and D. N. Thomas
Chapter sixteen Conservation and administration of Antarctic Ecosystems (pages 492–525): Susie M. provide, Pete express, Kevin A. Hughes, Richard A. Phillips and Phil N. Trathan

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Extra resources for Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing World

Sample text

Lett. 32, L02604. A. 1996 Biological particles over Antarctica. Nature 383, 680. 1038/383680a0. A. O. 1997 Airborne dispersal of Antarctic terrestrial algae and cyanobacteria. Ecography 20, 585–594. x. A. & Convey, P. 1997 Dispersal of mosspropagules in the maritime Antarctic. Polar Biol. 18, 376–383. 1007/s003000050203. P. C. 2005 Rapid climate change in the ocean west of the Antarctic Peninsula during the second half of the 20th century. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L19604. 1029/2005GL024042. L. & Priddle, J.

Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev. 21, 341–453. Clarke, A. 1991 What is cold adaptation and how should we measure it? Am. Zool. 31, 81–92. Clarke, A. 2003a Evolution, adaptation and diversity: Global ecology in an Antarctic context. In: Antarctic biology in a global context; proceedings of the VIII SCAR biology symposium (ed. L. C. Gieskes, J. L. M. J. Wolff), pp. 3–17. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers. Clarke, A. 2003b The polar deep seas. In: Ecosystems of the deep oceans, vol. 28 (ed. A. Tyler), pp. 239–260. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

In contrast to the Southern Ocean marine environment, the Antarctic terrestrial environment is low in diversity and is missing many taxonomic groups (for example, there are only two native species of vascular plant on continental Antarctica). This broad generalisation carries the important caveat that we know relatively littleaboutmicrobialdiversityinAntarctica,andhencewe are unable to judge whether this is also low in comparison with elsewhere on Earth. This caveat notwithstanding, the relative simplicity of the Antarctic terrestrial system allows ecologists to probe responses to change at a fundamental level and expose mechanisms that may be obscured in more complex temperate or tropical systems.

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Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing World by Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew Clarke


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